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python PIL/cv2/base64相互转换

Lan
Lan
2021-05-28 / 0 评论 / 150 阅读 / 正在检测是否收录...

PIL和cv2是python中两个常用的图像处理库,PIL一般是anaconda自带的,cv2是opencv的python版本。base64在网络传输图片的时候经常用到。

PIL读取、保存图片方法

from PIL import Image
    img = Image.open(img_path)
    img.save(img_path2)

cv2读取、保存图片方法

import cv2
img = cv2.imread(img_path)
cv2.imwrite(img_path2, img)

图片文件打开为base64

import base64

def img_base64(img_path):
    with open(img_path,"rb") as f:
        base64_str = base64.b64encode(f.read())
    return base64_str

1、PIL和cv2转换

PIL转cv2

import cv2
from PIL import Image
import numpy as np

def pil_cv2(img_path):
    image = Image.open(img_path)
    img = cv2.cvtColor(np.asarray(image),cv2.COLOR_RGB2BGR)
    return img

cv2转PIL

import cv2
from PIL import Image

def cv2_pil(img_path):
    image = cv2.imread(img_path)
    image = Image.fromarray(cv2.cvtColor(image,cv2.COLOR_BGR2RGB))
    return image

2、PIL和base64转换

##PIL转base64

import base64
from io import BytesIO

def pil_base64(image):
    img_buffer = BytesIO()
    image.save(img_buffer, format='JPEG')
    byte_data = img_buffer.getvalue()
    base64_str = base64.b64encode(byte_data)
    return base64_str

base64转PIL

import base64
from io import BytesIO
from PIL import Image

def base64_pil(base64_str):
    image = base64.b64decode(base64_str)
    image = BytesIO(image)
    image = Image.open(image)
    return image

cv2和base64转换

import cv2def 
cv2_base64(image):
    base64_str = cv2.imencode('.jpg',image)[1].tostring()
    base64_str = base64.b64encode(base64_str)return base64_str 

base64转cv2

import base64
import numpy as np
import cv2def 
base64_cv2(base64_str):
    imgString = base64.b64decode(base64_str)
    nparr = np.fromstring(imgString,np.uint8) 
    image = cv2.imdecode(nparr,cv2.IMREAD_COLOR)
    return image
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